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Amakuru

Amazi ya Azote Amazi Gusaba-Ubworozi Ubworozi bwa Semen Umurima

Kugeza ubu, gutera intanga intanga zafunzwe byakoreshejwe cyane mu bworozi, kandi ikigega cya azote cyamazi gikoreshwa mu kubika amasohoro yakonje cyahindutse ikintu cy'ingenzi mu musaruro w'amafi. Ikoreshwa rya siyanse kandi ryukuri no gufata neza ikigega cya azote gifite akamaro kanini cyane kugirango habeho ubwiza bw’amasohoro yabitswe, kongerera igihe cya serivisi ya tanki ya azote n’umutekano w’aborozi.

1.Imiterere ya tank ya azote yuzuye
Ibigega bya azote byamazi nicyo kintu cyiza cyo kubika amasohoro akonje, kandi ibigega bya azote byamazi bikozwe mubyuma bidafite ingese cyangwa aluminiyumu. Imiterere yacyo irashobora kugabanywamo ibishishwa, imbere, imbere, guhuza ijosi, tank ihagarara, indobo nibindi.

Igikonoshwa cyo hanze kigizwe n'imbere n'inyuma, igice cyo hanze cyitwa shell, naho igice cyo hejuru ni umunwa wa tank. Ikigega cy'imbere ni umwanya uri imbere. Imikoranire ni ikinyuranyo hagati yimbere ninyuma kandi iri mumwanya. Kugirango tunoze imikorere yubushyuhe bwumuriro wa tank, ibikoresho byo kubika hamwe na adsorbents bishyirwa mubikorwa. Ijosi rya tank rihujwe nu gice cyimbere ninyuma cyikigega hamwe nicyuma gikoresha ubushyuhe kandi kigakomeza uburebure runaka. Hejuru yikigega ni umunwa wikigega, kandi imiterere irashobora gusohora azote ihumeka na azote yuzuye kugirango ibungabunge umutekano, kandi ifite imikorere yubushyuhe bwo kugabanya ubushyuhe bwa azote. Isafuriya yinkono ikozwe muri plastiki ifite imikorere myiza yubushyuhe bwumuriro, ishobora kubuza azote nyinshi ya azote guhinduka no gutunganya silinderi yintanga. Umuyoboro wa vacuum urinzwe nigifuniko. Pail ishyirwa mu kigega muri tank kandi irashobora kubika ingero zitandukanye z'ibinyabuzima. Igikoresho cya pail kimanikwa kumpeta yerekana umunwa wikigega hanyuma ugashyirwaho ijosi.

The structure of the liquid nitrogen tank

2. Ubwoko bwibigega bya azote
Ukurikije ikoreshwa rya tanki ya azote yuzuye, irashobora kugabanywamo ibigega bya azote byamazi yo kubika amasohoro akonje, ibigega bya azote byamazi yo gutwara hamwe n’ibigega bya azote byuzuye byo kubika no gutwara.

Ukurikije ingano ya tank ya azote yuzuye, irashobora kugabanywamo:
Ibigega bito byamazi ya azote nka 3,10,15 L ibigega bya azote bishobora kubika amasohoro akonje mugihe gito, kandi birashobora no gukoreshwa mu gutwara amasohoro akonje na azote yuzuye.
Ikigega giciriritse cya azote (30 L) gikwiriye cyane mu bworozi bwororerwa hamwe na sitasiyo yo gutera intanga, cyane cyane zikoreshwa mu kubika intanga ngabo.
Ibigega binini bya azote (50 L, 95 L) bikoreshwa cyane mu gutwara no gukwirakwiza azote.

Types of liquid nitrogen tanks

3. Koresha no kubika ibigega bya azote
Ikigega cya azote cyuzuye kigomba kubikwa numuntu kugirango ubwiza bwamasohoro yabitswe. Kubera ko ari akazi k'umworozi gufata amasohoro, ikigega cya azote cyuzuye kigomba kubikwa n'umworozi, kugirango byoroshye gutahura no gusobanukirwa ibyongeweho bya azote byongewe hamwe nuburyo bwo kubika amasohoro igihe icyo aricyo cyose.

Mbere yo kongeramo azote yuzuye mumazi mashya ya azote, banza urebe niba igikonoshwa cyasuzumwe kandi niba vacuum idahwitse. Icya kabiri, genzura niba hari ikintu cyamahanga mumazi yimbere kugirango wirinde ikigega cyimbere kutangirika. Witondere mugihe wongeyeho azote. Ku bigega bishya cyangwa ibigega byumye, bigomba kongerwaho buhoro kandi mbere yo gukonjesha kugirango birinde kwangirika kwimbere kubera gukonja vuba. Iyo wongeyeho azote yuzuye, irashobora guterwa igitutu cyayo, cyangwa ikigega cyo gutwara gishobora gusukwa mubigega byabitswe binyuze muri feri kugirango birinde azote yuzuye. Urashobora gutondekanya umuyoboro hamwe nigice cya gaze cyangwa ugashyiramo tewers kugirango usige icyuho kumuryango wurwobo. Kugirango witegereze uburebure bwurwego rwamazi, inkoni yoroheje yimbaho ​​irashobora kwinjizwa munsi yikigega cya azote, kandi uburebure bwurwego rwamazi burashobora gucirwa urubanza ukurikije uburebure bwubukonje. Muri icyo gihe, twakagombye kumenya ko ibidukikije bituje, kandi ijwi rya azote yuzuye yinjira mu kigega ni ishingiro ry’ingenzi ryo guca ikigega cya azote yuzuye mu kigega.

Use and storage of liquid nitrogen tanks

Series Ububiko buhoraho-Ibikoresho byo kubika ubworozi bwamatungo △

Nyuma yo kongeramo azote yuzuye, reba niba hari ubukonje hejuru yinyuma ya tank ya azote. Niba hari ibimenyetso, imiterere ya vacuum ya tank ya azote yangiritse kandi ntishobora gukoreshwa mubisanzwe. Igenzura kenshi rigomba gukorwa mugihe cyo gukoresha. Urashobora gukora ku gikonoshwa n'amaboko yawe. Niba ubona ubukonje hanze, ugomba guhagarika kubikoresha. Muri rusange, niba azote yuzuye ikoreshwa 3/3 ~ 1/2, igomba kongerwaho mugihe. Kugirango umenye neza amasohoro yakonje, irashobora gupimwa cyangwa kugaragara hamwe nu gipimo cyamazi. Uburyo bwo gupima ni ugupima ikigega cyambaye ubusa mbere yo kugikoresha, gupima ikigega cya azote cyamazi nyuma yo kuzuza azote yuzuye, hanyuma ukapima umwanya muto kugirango ubare uburemere bwa azote yuzuye. Uburyo bwo gupima urwego rwamazi nugushiramo inkoni idasanzwe yo murwego rwo gupima munsi yikigega cya azote yuzuye ya s 10, hanyuma ukayikuramo nyuma. Uburebure bwubukonje nuburebure bwa azote yuzuye mumazi ya azote.

Mugukoresha burimunsi, kugirango umenye neza ingano ya azote yongewemo, urashobora kandi guhitamo gushiraho ibikoresho byumwuga bijyanye kugirango ukurikirane ubushyuhe nurwego rwamazi mumazi ya azote yuzuye mugihe nyacyo.

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"SmartCap" yatunganijwe byumwihariko na Haishengjie kububiko bwa aluminium alloy yamazi ya azote ifite umurimo wo kugenzura mugihe nyacyo cyo kugenzura amazi ya azote yuzuye nubushyuhe. Iki gicuruzwa kirashobora gukoreshwa mubigega byose bya azote byamazi bifite diameter ya 50mm, 80mm, 125mm na 216mm kumasoko.

Smartcap irashobora gukurikirana urwego rwamazi nubushyuhe mumazi ya azote yuzuye mugihe gikwiye, kandi ikagenzura umutekano wibibera amasohoro mugihe nyacyo.

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Sisitemu ebyiri yigenga yo gupima urwego rwo hejuru no gupima ubushyuhe
Igihe nyacyo cyo kwerekana urwego rwamazi nubushyuhe
Urwego rwamazi nubushyuhe bwoherejwe kure mugicu, kandi gufata amajwi, gucapa, kubika nibindi bikorwa nabyo birashobora kugerwaho
Imikorere yo gutabaza kure, urashobora gushiraho kubuntu SMS, imeri, WeChat nubundi buryo bwo gutabaza

Ikigega cya azote cyamazi yo kubika amasohoro kigomba gushyirwa ukundi ahantu hakonje, guhumeka mu nzu, gusukuye no kugira isuku, nta mpumuro yihariye. Ntugashyire ikigega cya azote cyuzuye mu cyumba cyamatungo cyangwa muri farumasi, kandi birabujijwe rwose kunywa itabi cyangwa kunywa mucyumba cyashyizwemo ikigega cya azote kugira ngo wirinde impumuro idasanzwe. Ibi ni ngombwa cyane. Ntakibazo iyo gikoreshwa cyangwa gishyizwe, ntigomba kugororwa, gushyirwa mu buryo butambitse, gushyirwa hejuru, kurunda, cyangwa gukubita. Igomba gufatwa neza. Fungura umupfundikizo wibishobora guhagarara kugirango uzamure byoroheje umupfundikizo utinze kugirango wirinde guhagarara guhagarara kuri interineti. Birabujijwe rwose gushyira ibintu kumupfundikizo no gucomeka kumazi ya azote yuzuye ya biote, bizatera azote ihumeka neza. Birabujijwe rwose gukoresha ibyuma bipfundikira ubwabyo kugirango uhagarike umunwa wikigega, kugirango wirinde umuvuduko wimbere wigitoro cya azote cyiyongera, cyangiza umubiri wikigega, nikibazo gikomeye cyumutekano.
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Amazi ya azote nigikoresho cyiza cyane cyo kurinda amasohoro akonje, kandi ubushyuhe bwa azote ni -196 ° C. Ibigega bya azote byamazi bikoreshwa nka sitasiyo yo gutera intanga hamwe n’imirima yororoka yo kubika amasohoro akonje bigomba gusukurwa rimwe mu mwaka kugira ngo birinde kwangirika mu kigega kubera amazi adahagaze, kwanduza amasohoro, no kugwira kwa bagiteri. Uburyo: Banza usukure ukoresheje amazi adafite aho abogamiye hamwe n’amazi akwiye, hanyuma woge n'amazi meza; hanyuma ubishyire hejuru kandi byumye mu kirere gisanzwe cyangwa umwuka ushyushye; hanyuma ukayangisha urumuri ultraviolet. Azote y’amazi irabujijwe rwose kuba irimo andi mazi, kugirango wirinde okiside yumubiri wikigega no kwangirika kwimbere.

Ibigega bya azote bigabanijwemo ibigega byo kubikamo n'ibigega byo gutwara, bigomba gukoreshwa ukundi. Ikigega cyo kubikamo gikoreshwa mububiko buhamye kandi ntibikwiriye gutwara intera ndende muburyo bwakazi. Kugirango huzuzwe ibisabwa byo gutwara no gukoresha, ikigega cyo gutwara abantu gifite igishushanyo cyihariye kidashobora guhungabana. Usibye ububiko buhamye, burashobora no gutwarwa nyuma yo kuzuzwa azote yuzuye; bigomba gukosorwa neza mugihe cyubwikorezi kugirango umutekano ubeho, kandi wirinde kugongana no kunyeganyega gukabije bishoboka kugirango wirinde gutemba.

4. Kwirinda kubika no gukoresha amasohoro akonje
Amasohoro akonje abikwa mu kigega cya azote. Hagomba kwemezwa ko amasohoro yarengewe na azote yuzuye. Niba bigaragaye ko azote yuzuye idahagije, igomba kongerwaho mugihe. Nkububiko nogukoresha ikigega cya azote yuzuye, umworozi agomba kuba amenyereye uburemere bwubusa bwikigega nubunini bwa azote yuzuye arimo, akabipima buri gihe akabyongera mugihe. Ugomba kandi kumenyera amakuru ajyanye namasohoro yabitswe, hanyuma ukandika izina, icyiciro hamwe nubunini bwamasohoro yabitswe numubare kugirango byoroherezwe kuboneka.

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Mugihe ufata amasohoro akonje, banza ukureho ikibindi uhagarike kuruhande. Mbere yo gukonjesha. Umuyoboro wo guterura cyangwa umufuka wa gaze ntushobora kurenza cm 10 uvuye mu ijosi, tutibagiwe no gufungura ikibindi. Niba itarakuweho nyuma yamasegonda 10, kuzamura bigomba kuzamurwa. Subiza umuyoboro cyangwa umufuka wa gaze usubire muri azote yuzuye hanyuma ukuremo nyuma yo gushiramo. Gupfuka ikibindi mugihe nyuma yo gukuramo amasohoro. Nibyiza gutunganya umuyoboro wububiko bwintanga munsi yugaye, hanyuma ukemerera azote yuzuye kugirango yinjize intanga zahagaritswe mumyanya yo kubika intanga. Muburyo bwo gupakira no gusya, ibikorwa bigomba kuba byuzuye kandi bifite ubuhanga, ibikorwa bigomba kuba byoroshye, kandi igihe cyo gukora ntigishobora kurenga 6 s. Koresha teweri ndende kugirango ukuremo umuyoboro woroheje wintanga zafunzwe mukigega cya azote yuzuye hanyuma uzunguze azote isigaranye amazi, uhite ubishyira mumazi 37 ~ 40 water amazi ashyushye kugirango winjize umuyoboro muto, uyizunguze buhoro kuri s 5 (2 / 3 gusesa birakwiye) Nyuma yo guhindura ibara, ohanagura ibitonyanga byamazi kurukuta rwumuyoboro hamwe na gaze ya sterile kugirango witegure gutera intanga.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nzeri-13-2021